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How to set up a recording Studio at home?

Every day, streaming services like Apple Music, Spotify, Deezer and Google Music are replenished with more and more new tracks. And for sure, if you have a musical ear and a sense of rhythm, you have often asked yourself the question-can I get into such services?

The answer is Yes, you can. But to do this, you will need to write a couple of your own compositions, and ideally-an album.

Hourly rental of recording studios is not cheap. In addition, it takes a lot more time for a novice musician to compose a song. Either I decided to rewrite the chord, or the guitar riff doesn’t suit me.


After weighing all the pros and cons, you think about building your own recording Studio at home. We will introduce you to the minimum set of beginner audio recordings in this article.

Note: The material is aimed at beginners and users who are taking their first steps in sound recording. Professional equipment is not a matter of one thousand dollars, but we are interested in the “cheap and angry” option.

So, what you need for a home recording Studio.

Start with your computer or laptop


The time of analog recording is rather an exclusive whim of well-known bands. Vinyl and an ensemble recording have been prepared for them, and it’s all very expensive. The traditional market, designed for the average consumer, is now fueled by the figure, so there is no way to record without a laptop or computer.

By choosing a desktop computer, you can potentially get more performance for the entire system. The disadvantage of a personal computer is the need for additional sound insulation, since the cooler from the power supply, video card and processor create additional background noise, which is extremely undesirable during sound recording.

You don’t just need an amplifier in a recording Studio. Upgrade the top headphones will help FiiO E10K. In this model of portable amplifier, the engineers did everything possible to make the sound as natural as possible: they optimized the low-pass filter, redesigned the bass amplification scheme, and reduced the level of distortion and noise.

Instead of the Wolfson WM8740, the manufacturer installed the PCM5102 DAC from Texas Instruments, which is more loyal to delays, and the LMH6643 chip, which replaced the AD8397, became the” heart ” of the amplifier.


Tip: for Hardcore Windows fans, we recommend that you pay attention to the MacBook. Already by tradition, the macOS OS is used by most professional sound engineers. This system is maximally sharpened for working with multimedia and, in particular, sound.

In addition, connecting peripherals on macOS is much easier to do in a Windows environment.

Need a sound card


Theoretically, many novice DJs created their first tracks exclusively using a laptop, without using additional equipment.

But if you plan to record guitars, vocals, keyboards, and drums, you can’t do without a sound card.

You can choose an inexpensive version of the USB sound card. Pay attention to:

  • the presence of the port to the MIDI In (for connecting a keyboard);
  • number of Jack ports (two are enough for the first time);
  • the number of XLR ports for connecting a microphone. In compact sound cards, this port is usually paired with a “Jack”. At least one such port will be sufficient for the first time.

Built-in tube stage preamp, phantom power-all this will be later. Don’t rush to spend money.

Looking for a MIDI keyboard


A home Studio, of course, means saving space. It is unlikely that you will be mentally prepared to fork out for a full-fledged drum kit. And to record a drum part, you need at least to master the simplest rhythmic patterns and learn how to”knock”.

That’s why a MIDI keyboard can replace drums. In General, it can replace almost any acoustic instrument – the number and quality of plug-ins today is simply amazing.

When choosing a keyboard, focus on your own budget and the size of your workplace. There are both full-fledged 88-key variants on the market, as well as more compact ones with 25, 32 or 49 keys.

It is desirable to have a slider (rocker that allows you to transpose the note during recording).) to record more “live” parts. If you are not a professional pianist, it is quite possible to abandon the hammer mechanics for the first time.

How to get a monitor and headphones


Everything that you record, you need to listen to something. For a home Studio, you’ll have to fork out for two audio sources:

  • sound monitors are essentially speakers that play music without the “decorations” characteristic of consumer acoustics, i.e. in their original form.
  • closed-type headphones-for finer mixing of songs and working at night.

You need to evaluate your own tracks in a wide variety of types of headphones. In the fiio F9 three-driver hybrids, you can easily hear all the shortcomings of track information, and a wide range of reproducible frequencies will tell you how to make the song even more interesting.

The FiiO F9 differs from its competitors in a rich set of accessories: several pairs of ear pads, a compact case and all the necessary cables, including a balanced one with a 2.5 mm plug.


At first, instead of monitors, you can limit yourself to inexpensive speakers “from Auchan”, but keep in mind that the quality of mixing your songs in this case will confidently tend to mediocre.

Where to without a microphone?


And it is better to have two at once: dynamic and condenser. After all, what are you going to sing?

  • Condenser microphone-used for recording vocals and acoustic instruments. It differs from dynamic by its wider coverage of the frequency spectrum.
  • The dynamic microphone is ideal for hands-free driving vocals, sound sources with a high amplitude.

In simple terms, a condenser microphone is much more sensitive than a dynamic one. For example, it can detect the operation of the washing machine in the next room, which the dynamic one can’t.

However, due to its excessive sensitivity and fragility, a condenser microphone is not always relevant when recording growl vocals or a drum kit.

In any case, in the Arsenal of a home Studio, it is better to have both types of microphones at once.

Sound insulation is required


Yes, you heard right. All objects around you have their own sound. And your room, too. Sound insulation panels are used to ensure that the hum and echo from the room do not affect the sound quality.

In a few years, you will probably decide whether to upgrade your Studio’s hardware. Now imagine that you can even upgrade a portable audio player. The design of the audiophile player FiiO X7 II provides for independent replacement of the amplifier.

Taking fresh OPA1622 chips from Texas Instruments and revising the balanced connection scheme, FiiO turned out to be an excellent upgrade set in the form of an AM3 amplifier . For those who can’t wait to get acquainted with the balance connection, this is one of the best investments.


Ideally, the more such panels, the better. Cover the room with them at the level of the condenser microphone stand and opposite the workplace where the monitors are installed.

With sound-proofed panels, the quality of recording and mixing tracks will increase significantly. In addition, you will spend significantly less time processing audio and removing unwanted noise.

And guitars are also needed


Buying guitars (Yes, you need several of them) depends on your level of familiarity with this instrument. If you plan to make serious sound recordings, learning to play the six-string and bass is your direct responsibility.

For a home Studio, you need to have three guitars in your Arsenal:

  • acoustic system;
  • electric rhythm guitar (it can also be used as a solo);
  • electric bass guitar.

Yes, the guitar part can also be written using a MIDI keyboard, but sometimes it is much easier to do this using an “analog” instrument.

There are still some small things


A recording Studio is a very diverse thing. Each sound engineer has his own “gentleman’s set” of tools, equipment and all sorts of lotions.

As an aspiring filmmaker, in addition to the above points, consider purchasing:

  • A set of XLR and Jack cables of various lengths. Having at least a couple of extra laces in your Arsenal certainly doesn’t hurt.
  • Combo amplifier for recording acoustic instruments.
  • Pairs of microphone stands.
  • Footrests for the guitarist.
  • Stands for guitars.
  • Mixers for connecting a large number of instruments.
  • External hard disk for storing project sources.
  • The second (third) monitor.

You can continue the list indefinitely, because you can invest and invest in a recording Studio. The only question is what level you want to achieve. And do not forget that the quality of music depends not on the equipment, but on the talent of the performer.

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